** Analysis and Design of
Aircraft Structures, 1949 Revised Edition
by E.F. Bruhn (an aircraft based book but teaches
basic stress analysis extremely well.*
ANC-18 Design of Wood Aircraft Structures (not much
directly applicable to yachts, but can be mined for some good structural
information
An In-House Low-Cost Program for Testing Laminates by
Robert A. Schofield (a primary source for our sections on testing, Professional
Boatbuilder August/September 1997
Composite Materials Handbook
**Volume 1: Polymer Matrix Composites, Guidelines for
Characterization of Structural Material, MIL-HDBK-17-1F

Volume 2: Polymer Matrix Composites Materials Properties, MIL-HDBK-17-2F

Volume3: Polymer Matrix Composites Materials Usage, Design, and Analysis, MIL-HDBK-17-3F

Volume4: Metal Matrix Composites, MIL-HDBK-17-4A

Volume5: Ceramic Matrix Composites, MIL-HDBK-5

** Desktop Engineering
**(monthly free subscription www.deskeng.com
)

** Engineering Mathematics**
by K.A. Stroud & Dexter J. Booth

** High Performance Composites**
(bi-monthly free subscription
www.compositesworld.com )

** Laminar Aircraft
Sturcutres by Alex Strojnik (not necessary to read but
was consulted for our section on materials testing
Machinery’s Handbook**
published by Industrial Press

** Marks’ Standard Handbook
for Mechanical Engineers** by Avallone & Baumeister

** Marks’ Mechanics** by
Larry Silverberg & James P. Thrower

* Mechanics of Composite
Structures *by Laslo P. Kollar & George S. Springer

Practical Stress Analysis for Design Engineers

Roark’s Formulas for Stress and Strain

** Wood Handbook – Wood as an
Engineering Material, **Forest Products Laboratory

(This book may be downloaded in .pdf format at http://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/fplgtr/fplgtr113/fplgtr113.htm

www.efunda.com for materials and engineering research

www.matweb.com for materials properties research

**Calibrated Weights (**These are described and sourced under the
testing section below and are used with the Cantilevered Beam Test Fixture)

*
Cantilevered Beam Test Fixture**
*(This is the simplest materials testing fixuture. See the
plans under "What You Will Receive with This Lesson.)

**
Universal Test Machine** (Plans for
this machine and add-on fixtures are given under "What You Will Receive with
This Lesson" below. The operating
instructions are given later in these lessons.

**
The Laminator** by
www.thelaminator.net (a $29 program to analyze composite laminates.

YDS Test Fixture Cantilevered Beam.pdf

YDS Test Machine Universal.pdf

YDS Test Machine Core Shear AddOn.pdf

YDS Test Machine Shear AddOn.pdf

YDS Test Machine ShearDoubleShear AddOn.pdf

YDS Test Machine Tensile AddOn.pdf

Introduction

Basic Materials Science

The Internal Structure of Materials

Stress Versus Strain

Tensile Strength

Compression Strength

Shear Strength

Proportional Limit

Elastic Limit

Yield Strength

Ultimate Strength

Poisson’s Ratio

Ductility

Creep

Isotropic Versus Non-Isotropic Materials

Basic Structural Analysis

Young’s Modulus of Elasticity and related Moduli

Relating Material Constants

Stiffness

Moment of Inertia & Buckling

Polar Moment of Inertia, Torsion, Torque, and Shaft Design

Section Modulus & Bending

Beam Theory

Stress and Deflection in Marine Structures

Panel Theory

Avoidance of Stress Concentration

Differences Between Isotropic and Non-Isotropic Materials

Fastenings & Joints

Materials Properties

Fatigue Characteristics & Fatigue Limits

Safety Factors as Determined by Fatigue Limits & Analysis Limitations

Evaluating the Number of
Significant Digits

Explanation of Statics

Statics Versus Dynamics

Impact Studies

Vibration

Vector Analysis - Graphic

Vector Analysis - Calculated

Marine Environmental Factors

Composite Structures

Additional
Concepts Needed

Micromechanics of Composite Structures

Rule of Mixtures & Modified Rule of Mixtures

Composite Laminates Evaluation Programs

Introduction to Using “The Laminator”

Theory of Composite Beams

Theory of Composite Panels

Testing

Introduction

Test Equipment

Importance of Standardized Tests

Sources of Materials & Equipment

To Measure Stress
Versus Strain in Various Ways

Determining the Flexural Modulus Using a Cantilevered Beam

Flexural Modulus Using the Universal Test Machine & Force Gauge

Tensile Testing Using UTM

Shear Testing of Materials Using UTM

Core Shear Using UTM

Cored Beams in Bending

Pins in Shear and Double Shear Using UTM

For Compression Strength

Determining Poisson’s Ratio

Determining Modulus of Elasticity in Bending

Special Considerations for Composites

Not Using Fully Distributed Load Testing & Why

Real World Testing

Standard Deviation for Evaluating Number of Samples and Test Results

Scale Model Testing

Proper and Improper Use of Structural Analysis & Testing in Vessel Design

Development of Judgment

A Broader Understanding of
Structural Questions

Functionality

Simplicity

Durability

Ease of Repair

Ease of Production

Fatigue Avoidance

Design Methodology

Design Through Testing

Design Through Mathematical Models

Combining Analysis & Testing

Developing Minimum Standards for Hull Structures

Minimum Strengths

Minimum Stiffness

Safety Factors by Material as Determined by Their Fatigue Limits

Impact Criteria

Why Linear Measurements Are Not the Way to Go

Cube Root of the Displacement in Cubic Feet

Cautions on the Limitations of Various Certification Societies

Static Versus Dynamic Assumptions & Other Questions

Special Topics

Multihull Beam
Design

Special
Calculations in Exotic Keel Types

Submarine Design Basics as an
Exercise

Foundry Work

Simple Machines

Ports & Windows

Types of Structures and Mathematical Solutions

An Introduction to Roark’s Formulas for Stress and Strain

Limitations of the Structural Analyses in This Lesson

More Exotic Analysis Methods

Use of Differentiation &
Integration in Achieving More Accurate Results

Finite Element Analysis Introduced

Computational Fluid Dynamics Introduced

Introduction to On Screen Math Packages

Information Sources

Appendix A: Standard Deviation Spreadsheet

Lesson 12:

Lesson 13: