Yacht Design School – Lesson 7
Artistry & Proportion in Design

Revised 03/20/2020 - Copyright 2020

Recommended Reading for This Lesson
The American Fishing Schooners 1825-1935 by Howard I. Chapelle
Common Sense of Yacht Design by L. Francis Herreshoff
The History of American Sailing Ships by Howard I. Chapelle
John G. Alden and His Yacht Designs by Robert W. Carrick and Richard Henderson
Laurent Giles and His Yacht Designs by Adrian Lee and Ruby Philpott
Pete Culler's Boats by John Burke
Rendering in Mixed Media by Joseph Ungar
The Search for Speed Under Sail 1700-1855 by Howard I. Chapelle
Sensible Cruising Designs by L. Francis Herreshoff
Skiffs and Schooners by R. D. Culler ("Pete" Culler)
Understanding Boat Design by Edward S. "Ted" Brewer
Worthy of the Sea - K. Aage Nielsen and His Legacy of Yacht Design by Maynard Bray & Tom Jackson
Yacht Designing & Planning by Howard I. Chapelle
Yacht Designs by William Garden*
Yacht Designs II by William Garden
Of Yachts and Men by William Atkin
"Various Books" by Philip C. Bolger

Obviously you aren't going to acquire the above books all at once, though it would be wonderful if you could.  Nevertheless a designer's library is one of his greatest resources and you will not only refer to these books all your life, to the point of wearing some of them out, but you will find that nothing impresses a client more about your office than a great many books.  Though some models, and perhaps some framed pictures, and renderings will also delight them.

Tools for This Lesson
No additional tools are required.

What You Will Receive With This Lesson
Outboard Profile of Firedrake
Miss Congeniality 38,
two perspective views
Outboard Profile of Bird of Passage 57
Outboard Profile of Lochlann 46
Outboard Profile of Shining Moon 36
Outboard Profile of Sovereign 30
Outboard Profile of Surprise 36
Outboard Profile of Island Girl 24
Outboard Profile of Sagittarius 30

What You Will Learn In This Lesson

Part I.
    Drafting Styling - Why we do it
    Discussing the Conventions
    Producing Various Effects
    Detail Drafting Techniques
    Producing an Emotional Response in the Non-Technical Mind Through Pictorial Elements
Part II.
    Styling Rules for Defining the Appearance of the Vessel
    Bows and Sterns
    Beauty in Curves and How to Create It
    Gentle Versus Strong Curves
    Interesting the Visual Portion of Brain with Proper Use of Strengthening and Loosening Curves
    The Sheer and Other Sheered Lines
    Relating the Sheer to the Beam and Beam Distribution of the Vessel
    Relating Sheer Heights at the Forward and Aft Ends of the Load Water Line
    Relating Forward and Aft Sheer Heights to the Location of the Low Point of the Sheer
    Relating the Sheer to the Type of Ends
    Relating the Sheer to the Emotional Response Desired
    Relating the Sheer to the Type of Vessel
    Relating the Sheer to the Service the Vessel Will See
    A "Trick" for Judging Sheer End Heights Relationships
    The Difference Between the Appearance of the Sheer on Paper and the Sheer in the Water
    Drawing Sheers that Look Best in the Water
    Sheer Expansion
    Planar Sheers
    Judging Sheer with Models
    Judging Sheer with Computer Rendering of Perspective
    Choosing Proper Rakes for any Design Element
    Normal Rakes Versus Streamlining
    Lack of Purity in Decision Making in Streamlining
    Restricting "Streamlining" to a Limited Range of Types
    "Dating" of the Particular Style of Streamlining
    Fads and Fashions in Streamlining
    Placement of Ports and Windows
    Relating Placement and Rakes to the Structures Around Them
    Relationship Between Sheer and Trunk Heights
    Importance of Distinguishing Between Apparent Heights and True Heights
    Cabin Trunk Height Usually Deducts Moldings and the Overhead
    Topsides Generally Deduct Moldings, Boottops, Contrasting Wales, etc.
    Cabin top Centerline Distance from Eye
    Cabin Side Further from Eye than Sheer
    Designing within Traditional Types
    Limitations of Modifying Traditional Types
Part III.
    Principle of Form Follows Function
    Principle of Overall Proportions to Avoid Size Cues
Part IV.
    Developing the Artistic Feel in Structural Design
    Artistry in Hardware
    Importance in Construction
Part V.
    Simplicity and Unity of Line
    Moldings and Other Trim
    Importance of Weight and Full Radii in Moldings
Part VI.
    Perspective and Rendering Using Garden and Rendering in Mixed Meda.
    Perspective and Rendering Using Rhino and Flamingo

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